Criminal Law Basics by the Athens GA Criminal Defense Attorney
Most people learn about criminal law from pop culture – the movies, television, books, magazines and the internet. This blog post discusses the basics of criminal law. Let our Athens GA Criminal Defense Attorney give you an overview of the basis every Georgian need to know.
Where do criminal laws come from?
The Federal government and each state have their own criminal laws written by their respective legislative bodies. When the federal or a state government decides that certain actions are dangerous to citizens, or damaging to the entire citizenry as a group, the legislature passes a law making said actions a crime. The law describes exactly what conduct is prohibited as well as the penalties for doing such conduct. People who are found guilty of committing a crime – be it through their own admission or as a result of a trial by jury – can be punished by confinement (jail or prison time), the imposition of fines, probation, and community service. If you have questions about any criminal law related matters, contact our Athens GA Criminal Defense Attorney today.
Fundamental Constitutional Rights
Any person suspect of or charged with committing a crime is entitled to certain fundamental rights provided under the United States Constitution and the Constitution of their State. These rights include the right to an attorney and the right to a speedy trial by jury. If you are under investigation or have been arrested for committing a crime, contact our Athens GA Criminal Defense Attorney today.
How a Criminal Case Can End
A criminal case can be resolved in a number of ways, including:
- No arrest after investigation and the case is closed.
- The person is arrested and charged by the police, and the prosecutor declines to prosecute;
- A person is arrested and charged by the police, the prosecutor and the defendant enter into a negotiated plea, meaning the two parties have agreed upon the crime committed and the penalty for said crime;
- The person is arrested and charged, but before the case gets to a jury, the court dismisses it because the charges depend on evidence seized illegally by the police;
- A person is brought to trial and found “not guilty,” or acquitted, by a jury; or
- The person is convicted by a jury and sentenced to a long prison term.
Contact Our Athens GA Criminal Defense Attorney If You Have Any Questions!